I went to a very interesting Wellington Botanical Society talk last night, by Paul Blaschke of Friends of Owhiro Stream. Paul was talking about their work revegetating the catchment of the Owhiro Stream in southern Wellington.
It stimulated an intriguing discussion about how and what we should be restoring, which in turn relates to what our goals for conserving biodiversity are.
Ecological restoration is a vexed issue, with many controversial aspects, so it was good to discuss, learn, debate, and think.
For instance, some people believe that only plants present in an area before humans arrived should be used in restoration.
Collections of plant specimens, like that held by Te Papa, can play an important role in establishing where plants are/were distributed.Other people go even further when considering restoration, saying that only locally-derived material should be used.
But, is it practically possible to ensure such ‘eco-sourcing’? Do the costs outweigh the benefits?
And, what geographic scale is appropriate for eco-sourcing? Should plants be from the same province, river-catchment, …, or hillside?
Is it already too late, at least for some species/communities/regions, to even attempt to ensure that pre-human patterns are preserved? Has the colloquial horse already bolted? Are the ‘genes’ out of the bottle?
And, on a temporal scale, what are the implications from past and future climate-change? Many lowland New Zealand plants were more widespread during past warmer periods (and, similarly, much restricted when it was colder). Indeed, many warmth-loving plants were eliminated completely from New Zealand during the Ice-Age. Given the dynamism of biodiversity, what are appropriate parameters for restoration targets?
Managing ‘nature’ is often a tricky business…